Date created: 1850
Dimensions: 87 x 131 inches
Current ownership: State Russian Museum, St. Petersburg
Medium: Oil on canvas
The key features of the painting are:
Intricate brushwork and detail: This is typical of Aivazovsky's work.
Realism: The painting looks like the subject. You can feel the crashing waves and the warm sunlight.
Composition and design: The painting follows many of the classic "rules" of composition. Apart from the boat at the bottom. You would typically avoid key features being so close to the edge. But it works in this case.
The illusion of light: Aivazovsky used contrast to convey a strong sense of light.
Value contrast: Deep shadows against brilliant highlights.
Below are the main colors used in the painting. Copy the hex code for use in Photoshop or other editing software.
Below is the painting with a grid over the top so we can analyze it in terms of the rule of thirds. The grid lines and intersections are considered aesthetically pleasing areas.
Here are some similar paintings by Aivazovsky: